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World Red Cross Day and the role of Red Cross globally

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World Red Cross Day and Red Crescent Day is celebrated on 8th May every year by the Red Cross society across all the countries. This day marks the birth anniversary of founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Henry Dunant, who was born on 8 May 1828. The first ‘International Red Cross Day’ was celebrated on 8th May 1948.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is a global humanitarian network of 80 million people that helps those facing disaster, conflict and health and social problems. It consists of the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the 192 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
The movement has three main components, the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC), National Societies and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

International Committee of the Red Cross

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an independent and neutral non-profit organisation working towards ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence. It takes action in response to emergencies and also promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation. The organisation is currently being presided over by Mirjana Spoljaric Egger.

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is one of the world’s largest humanitarian networks. They support local Red Cross and Red Crescent action in more than 192 countries, bringing together almost 15 million volunteers for the good of humanity.

Indian Red Cross Society

Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) is a voluntary humanitarian organisation providing relief in times of disasters and emergencies. Having a network of over 1100 branches throughout the country, the organisation also promotes health and care of the vulnerable people and communities. It is a leading member of the International Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement.

The Mission of the Indian Red Cross is to inspire, encourage and initiate at all times all forms of humanitarian activities so that human suffering can be minimized and even prevented and thus contribute to creating more congenial climate for peace.
IRCS was established in 1920 under the Indian Red Cross Society Act and incorporated under Parliament Act XV of 1920. The IRCS has 36 State / Union Territories Branches with their more than 1100 districts and sub district branches. Honourable President of India is the President and Hon’ble Union Health Minister is the Chairman of this Society.

 

Role of Red Cross in Sudan

Currently resource-rich North African country Sudan is experiencing an armed conflict between forces loyal to two rival generals. The flight, which started on 15th April, is happening between the Sudanese Armed Forces, led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) paramilitary group, led by General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo for control over the nation. As per figures from the United Nations, the ongoing conflict has left hundreds of people dead, thousands wounded and innumerable families displaced.
In the last week of April, Red Cross aid was flown into Sudan for the first time since fighting broke out. As per a statement from International Committee of the Red Cross, this comprised eight tonnes of medical aid, which is expected to be a support for Sudan’s hard-hit medical facilities.

Role of Red Cross in Yemen’s humanitarian crisis

As per the UN, Republic of Yemen is experiencing the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. At least 4.5 million people have been displaced, while 24.1 million people, 80% of the population, are in need of humanitarian aid and protection in the Western Asian country as of April, 2023.
According to a release recently issued by the ICRC, more than 970 former detainees held due to the conflict were repatriated to Yemen and Saudi Arabia by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), reuniting hundreds of families ahead of Eid, at the end of the holy month of Ramadan.
From 14 – 16th of April, 15 ICRC flights carried released 869 detainees to six cities: Abha and Riyadh in Saudi Arabia, and Aden, Marib, Mokha and Sanaa in Yemen. In addition, on April 17, the ICRC, upon request from the Saudi-led Coalition, facilitated a separate unilateral release of 104 detainees from Saudi Arabia to Yemen, said the release. The detainees were also given clothing and some cash allowance.
Mirjana Spoljaric, president, ICRC shared in a statement, “I am deeply moved and proud that our teams could reunite so many detainees with their families over the last four days and we stand ready to do so for those who are yet to be released. These operations underscore the real-life impact of ICRC’s neutrality and its ability to work with all sides – to bring people home and end years of separation.”

Indian Red Cross Society under CBI radar

Indian Red Cross Society is allegedly under CBI radar. As per reports, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has started probing following complaints of alleged corruption and financial irregularities in five regional branches of the Red Cross Society in the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Assam, Karnataka and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.