Home OPINIONS Embracing Sustainability: The Textile Industry’s Transformation in India

Embracing Sustainability: The Textile Industry’s Transformation in India

The textile industry in India has long been a cornerstone of the country’s economy, contributing significantly to employment and exports. However, its rapid growth has come at a cost to the environment, with concerns over water pollution, excessive energy consumption, and the unsustainable use of resources. In recent years, there has been a notable shift towards sustainability in the industry, as businesses and stakeholders recognize the urgent need for change. This transformation is a testament to the textile industry’s resilience and adaptability, as it embraces sustainable innovations to secure a more environmentally responsible and economically viable future.

Sustainable Fiber Production

A crucial aspect of the textile industry’s transformation is the shift towards sustainable fiber production. Traditional cotton farming is water-intensive and often relies on harmful pesticides, leading to soil degradation and water pollution. India is one of the largest producers of cotton globally, and the adoption of sustainable practices in cotton farming can make a significant impact.
One promising innovation is organic cotton farming, which eliminates the use of harmful chemicals and promotes biodiversity. Organic cotton production not only benefits the environment but also the health of cotton farmers and surrounding communities. Additionally, there is a growing interest in alternative, more sustainable fibers like hemp, bamboo, and recycled materials, which require fewer resources and have a smaller ecological footprint.

Eco-Friendly Textile Processing

Textile processing, including dyeing and finishing, is notorious for its significant environmental impact. Conventional dyeing processes often release harmful chemicals and excessive amounts of water, causing pollution and harming aquatic ecosystems. In response, the textile industry in India is adopting eco-friendly and innovative dyeing technologies to minimize its environmental footprint.
One such innovation is the use of digital printing techniques that reduce water and chemical usage while allowing for more intricate and customizable designs. Moreover, companies are increasingly investing in closed-loop water recycling systems to minimize water wastage during processing. These sustainable innovations not only mitigate environmental damage but also result in cost savings for businesses in the long run.

Circular Economy and Waste Reduction

The concept of a circular economy is gaining traction in the textile industry, where the focus is on reducing waste and extending the lifespan of products. India has witnessed a surge in initiatives aimed at recycling and upcycling textiles, reducing the need for virgin materials. Organizations and designers are reimagining fashion and textiles with a focus on durability and recyclability.
Efforts to collect and recycle post-consumer textiles are becoming more widespread, preventing textiles from ending up in landfills. Furthermore, brands are designing products with modular components that can be easily repaired or replaced, prolonging the lifespan of garments. These steps contribute to a more sustainable and responsible approach to textile production and consumption.

Renewable Energy Adoption

Energy consumption is a significant concern in the textile industry. The industry’s reliance on fossil fuels and non-renewable energy sources contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. However, the adoption of renewable energy sources like solar and wind power is becoming increasingly prevalent in Indian textile manufacturing.
Several textile manufacturers are investing in solar panels to generate clean energy for their operations. This not only reduces their carbon footprint but also lowers energy costs in the long term. Government incentives and policies supporting the transition to renewable energy have further accelerated this transformation.

Ethical Labour Practices

Sustainability in the textile industry extends beyond environmental concerns to ethical labour practices. The industry has faced criticism for labour exploitation, low wages, and poor working conditions. However, a shift towards ethical manufacturing practices is underway.
Brands are increasingly committed to fair wages, safe working conditions, and social responsibility. Organizations are investing in worker welfare programs and ensuring transparency in their supply chains. Ethical practices not only benefit the workers but also contribute to better product quality and consumer trust.

Consumer Awareness and Demand

One of the most powerful drivers of sustainability in the textile industry is the growing awareness and demand from consumers. In India and around the world, consumers are increasingly conscious of the environmental and social impacts of their purchases. They are seeking products that align with their values and are willing to pay a premium for sustainable and ethically produced textiles.
This shift in consumer preferences has pushed businesses to reevaluate their practices. Many brands are now transparent about their supply chains and are actively promoting their sustainable initiatives. Consumer demand is a powerful force that can accelerate the transformation of the textile industry. Also sustainable raw materials will eventually be more cost effective due to lower feedstock prices.


The textile industry in India is undergoing a significant transformation as it embraces sustainable innovations. From adopting eco-friendly dyeing processes to transitioning to renewable energy sources, the industry is making remarkable strides towards a more environmentally responsible and economically viable future. The shift towards sustainable fiber production, circular economy practices, and ethical labor standards further strengthens the industry’s commitment to sustainability. With consumers increasingly prioritizing eco-conscious choices, the textile industry is poised to evolve into a more responsible and ethical sector, contributing not only to India’s economic growth but also to the well-being of the planet and its people. This transformation is not just a choice but a necessity, and it underscores the industry’s adaptability and potential to lead in a sustainable future. Moreover automation and innovation is key to successful business which was too slow in last 4 decades however business dimensions in textile space are evolving.
Views of the author are personal and do not necessarily represent the website’s views.
Rohit Dev SethiA dynamic powerhouse, Rohit Dev Sethi is a visionary leader with over 12 years of experience in the textile industry. Currently he is chaired as the Managing Director of Colossustex Private Limited, a leading textile supply chain company globally. Under his leadership at Colossustex, he is responsible for identifying and developing new streams for long-term revenue growth, tapping new markets globally, identifying new projects & its execution, coordinating with channel partners to expand business ensuring long term sustainability.