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Climate Breakdown has Begun: UN and World Meteorological Organisation

Climate Change
The United Nations chief has issued a dire warning, stating that “Climate breakdown has begun,” following a report from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) confirming that the Northern Hemisphere has just endured its hottest summer on record. The urgency of addressing climate change has reached a new level, with record-breaking temperatures and unprecedented changes in our natural systems.
The recent findings by the WMO, supported by data from the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), provide irrefutable evidence of our planet’s alarming trajectory towards environmental catastrophe. The scorching temperatures of the Northern Hemisphere’s summer, coupled with the highest recorded sea surface temperatures, paint a grim picture of our world in crisis.

The WMO’s Alarming Report

The World Meteorological Organisation’s recent report, based on data from the Copernicus Climate Change Service, has sent shockwaves through the global community. August 2023 was marked as the hottest August ever recorded, surpassing all previous records by a significant margin. Furthermore, it stands as the second hottest month in history, trailing only behind July 2023.
During August, the global average temperature soared approximately 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above the pre-industrial average. This alarming rise in temperature is directly linked to human-caused climate change, primarily driven by the burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas. These activities have been exacerbated by the temporary warming phenomenon known as El Nino, which has intensified global warming patterns.

The Impact of El Nino

El Nino, a cyclical warming of parts of the Pacific Ocean, has played a substantial role in exacerbating the current climate crisis. This natural phenomenon, which began earlier in the year, has added extra heat to global temperatures, especially during its second year. The persistence of these extreme conditions, coupled with their widespread impacts on both people and the planet, is an unmistakable consequence of the ongoing warming of the climate system, as stated by Carlo Buontempo, Director of C3S’s Climate Change Service.

Historical Records and Projections

While Copernicus has climate records dating back to 1940, other weather and science agencies in the United Kingdom and the United States have data that extends to the mid-1800s. These venerable records are poised to reveal that this summer was a historic milestone in terms of global temperatures.
Scientific estimations, based on various proxies such as tree rings and ice cores, indicate that temperatures are now higher than they have been for approximately 120,000 years. While the Earth has experienced warmer periods in its geological history, these occurred long before human civilisation, when sea levels were significantly higher, and the polar regions were not covered in ice.

Ongoing Records of Warming

As we transition into September, the relentless march of rising temperatures shows no signs of abating. Daily temperature records continue to be shattered, leaving no room for doubt about the severity of our climate situation. The University of Maine’s Climate Reanalyser, a trusted source for climate data, paints a disconcerting picture. Current temperatures for this time of the year have surged beyond historical norms, further underscoring the gravity of the climate crisis we face.
The scorching heat waves, once considered anomalies, are now becoming the new normal. This persistence of record-breaking temperatures is not an isolated phenomenon but part of a larger pattern of global warming that demands our immediate attention and action.
While the majority of our planet grapples with the devastating impacts of record-breaking heatwaves in the atmosphere and oceans, Antarctica, a continent of ice and mystery, reveals a different yet equally alarming story. According to the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), Antarctica continues to experience a troubling trend of record-low levels of sea ice.
This trend in Antarctica is not an isolated event but rather a manifestation of the intricate and interconnected nature of climate change. The melting ice in the polar regions has far-reaching consequences for global sea levels and ocean circulation, affecting ecosystems and weather patterns across the world. It serves as a stark reminder that climate change’s impact knows no boundaries and reverberates across continents and oceans.

Confronting the Climate Crisis

The recent revelations of soaring temperatures and their cascading consequences leave us with no room for complacency. Addressing the climate crisis is no longer a choice; it has become an unequivocal imperative for the survival of our planet and the well-being of future generations.
We stand at a crossroads where inaction is no longer an option. The urgency to mitigate and adapt to the changing climate cannot be overstated. The ramifications of our choices today will reverberate for centuries to come, determining the quality of life for countless generations. This is a call to action that transcends borders, politics, and ideologies—it is a shared responsibility of humanity.
To navigate the treacherous waters of climate breakdown, we must chart a course that encompasses three essential elements: mitigation, adaptation, and international collaboration. These pillars form the bedrock of our response to the climate crisis, offering a comprehensive strategy to mitigate its impact, adapt to changes, and foster global cooperation.

1. Mitigation Efforts

Mitigation efforts remain the linchpin of our response to climate change. The critical task at hand involves reducing greenhouse gas emissions originating from fossil fuels, which are the primary drivers of global warming. Transitioning to renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, and hydroelectric power, is a pivotal step. Furthermore, implementing energy-efficient technologies and practices across industries, transportation, and households is imperative.
Policymakers, industries, and individuals must forge a collective commitment to usher in a low-carbon future. It’s a transformative journey that requires bold decisions and concerted action to curb the emissions that are pushing our planet to the brink.

2. Adaptation Strategies

As we confront the ongoing impacts of climate change, building resilience through adaptation strategies is paramount. Communities and nations must invest in resilient infrastructure capable of withstanding the challenges posed by a changing climate. Sustainable agriculture practices that conserve water resources and reduce vulnerability to extreme weather events are essential.
Additionally, disaster preparedness and response mechanisms must be enhanced to mitigate the impacts of natural disasters, which are becoming more frequent and severe. Adapting to a changing climate is not merely an option; it is a necessity that can save lives and protect livelihoods.

3. International Collaboration

The climate crisis recognises no national boundaries, and effective solutions hinge on international cooperation. Nations must unite to establish ambitious emissions reduction targets, share invaluable knowledge, and provide support to vulnerable regions. The Paris Agreement, an exemplar of multilateral collaboration, serves as a critical framework for fostering global cooperation.
To confront this existential threat, nations must commit to upholding and strengthening the principles enshrined in the Paris Agreement. Collaboration at this scale is not only beneficial but imperative to securing a sustainable future for all inhabitants of our planet.

Empowering Climate Science

In the face of climate breakdown, scientific research remains our guiding light. Investing in climate science, monitoring systems, and data collection is essential to understanding the evolving climate patterns and predicting future challenges. Governments and institutions must allocate resources to support climate research and enhance our knowledge base.
Public awareness and education are powerful tools in the fight against climate change. Educating communities about the impacts of climate breakdown, promoting sustainable lifestyles, and encouraging responsible consumption can drive positive behavioural change. Every individual has a role to play in reducing their carbon footprint.


The warnings from the United Nations and the alarming reports from the World Meteorological Organisation underscore the critical crossroads at which humanity stands. Climate breakdown is not a distant threat; it is happening now, with devastating consequences for our planet and future generations.
The path forward is clear: immediate and concerted action is required. Mitigation efforts, adaptation strategies, international collaboration, and the empowerment of climate science are our tools to combat this crisis. It is a global imperative that transcends political, cultural, and geographical boundaries.
The time to act is now. We must heed the call to protect our planet, for in doing so, we safeguard the well-being of all living beings and preserve the precious ecosystems upon which our existence depends. Climate breakdown has begun, but together, we can change its course and ensure a sustainable future for generations to come.