According to the Disability Inclusion Act of the Indian constitution, the children with disability have equal rights to be educated with the children without disability. It also states that, special classes, separate schooling, or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular environment occurs only when the nature or severity of disability is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be attained satisfactorily.
Despite this, the children with disability do not get accepted to most of the regular school on the basis of lack of infrastructure, availability of specially trained teachers and stigma around these diseases.
The lack of proper exposure at the right time leads these disabled children to grow up as dependent adults. They end up being handicapped mentally along with their physical disability all their lives. They tend to develop low self esteem when compared to the other people without disability or develop over confidence because of undeserved rewards in their early lives from their guardians and teachers.
In our country, the jobs for people with disability are already scarce and on top of that, this mental state they develop while growing up, reduces their chances of ever being independent in life.
Embracing inclusion in schools is not that difficult. Amar Jyoti School of Delhi has proved this. The specially-abled children do not really need special attention. They need to be punished and rewarded equal to the children without disability in order to achieve a healthy mental growth for all the children. Every child falls and get hurt anyway. So to give special attention to a particular child who got hurt just because they have a physical disability is not fair to anyone.
Amar Jyoti School has adapted integrated education and built a modern campus in Delhi and Gwalior where they accept equal number of students with and without disability. The students with disability are initially trained in special classes which make them ready for a regular class and then are educated with the students without disability. The students just like any other school are encouraged to participate in sports and other vocational activities like painting, sewing, computers, etc.
The school started by Dr. Uma Tuli with 30 children under a tree has started a movement nationally. She has developed an inspirational model which can be replicated by every city in the country.
Inclusion needs to be accepted just because it is a law. It gives an opportunity to the disabled to lead a normal and independent life, and also teaches the people without disability to be sensitive to everyone and everything around them.
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The CSR Journal Team